Being an internet user, if you willing to put your self online by your own brand then, you need to know What is a server and its different types available in the market. Because there are so many options available in the market for a server with different usability and plans.
So, Before you choosing server plan for your brand if you want to understand what is a server? Why is it used? What are the different types of servers? Then you are in right place.
I promise it’ll be simple and relatively easy to understand for you what is a server and its different types.
Awesome, let’s move on and first of all, we see what is a server?
What is a server?
A server is a computer program that provides services to other computer programs (and users) on the same computer or other. The computer on which the server software is running is also known as the Server.
And the other computer which gets service from server program computer is frequently referred to as a Client. The client is a service recipient or a service provider in a type of client/server model system. Usually, the client is on another system or computer, which can be accessed through a network.
Here I show how the client/server model looks like on the internet.
As you can see one server provide one or many services to one or many clients. And one client can access one or many services from one or more servers on the internet. So there depends on services provided by servers, and programs run by server they categorize in many different types.
After seeing what is a server, it seems like we can move on to see how servers are used in the network.
Uses/Purpose of a server-
Use of a computer server program is to store, retrieve and send computer files and data to other computers known as the client on the network. Many companies use a local area network to connect several computers. On a larger scale, the globally recognized computer network is based on a large number of servers around the world.
When connecting computers with physical or wireless methods and sharing services or information, it is known as the computer network. A computer network requires at least two commitments, with at least one of them acting as a client and other one acting as a server. Many systems use this client-server network model, including websites and e-mail services.
The servers have more processing, memory and storage capacity than their client computers. A client is a computer that does not function as a server and requests information from the server.
The hardware requirements for the servers vary according to the server applications and the number of clients. The servers work for long periods of time without interruption, so the reliability and power of the hardware are essential.
Because the server requires a stable power supply, good internet access, and increased security they stored in a dedicated server room or center.
Based upon the work and services provided by a server program computer there are many Server and its different types are available.
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So, Let’s take a look up on that now.
Different Types Of Servers –
Here I represent server and its different types.
1. FTP server
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is one of the oldest server types. It is responsible for transferring files from the server to the client computer and vice versa.
2. Proxy servers
The proxy server is responsible for communication between the client (Web browser or application) and an external server to meet the connection request and improve performance and accessibility.
3. Virtual server
A virtual server is a server that shares hardware and software resources with other operating systems (OS), compared to custom servers. Because they are cost-effective and provide faster resource control, virtual servers are common in web hosting environments.
4. IRC servers
Internet Relay Chat consists of several separate server networks that allow users to communicate with each other through the IRC network. It is an option for those looking for competition in real time.
5. Groupware Servers
The Groupware servers refer to programs that help people work collectively while they are located remotely from each other. Groupware services may include exchange calendars, group writing, e-mail processing, access to shared databases, and e-meetings with anyone who is able to see and view other information and other activities.
6. Telnet servers
The Telnet server is a protocol used on the Internet or in a local area network to provide an interactive bi-directional communication function oriented to a text that uses a virtual terminal connection.
7. Catalog server
The Catalog server maintains an index or table of contents of information that can be found in a large distributed network, such as computers, users, shared files on file servers and web applications. Example of catalog server is Directory servers and name servers.
8. Computing server
As time pass and the internet market grow we require more space, power, and computing resources to store data on servers which make server resources costlier. So using a computing server which Shares vast amounts of computing resources, especially CPU and random-access memory, over a network reduce the cost of computing resources.
9. Application server
The Application server hosts web applications (computer programs that run inside a web browser) that allow internet users to run and use them without having to install a copy on their computers.
10. Database server
The Database server maintains and shares any form of database (organized collections of data with predefined properties that can be displayed in a table) over a network. Spreadsheets, accounting software, asset management software or virtually any computer program that consumes well-organized data, especially in large volumes is an example of the database server.
11. Web server
The web server is responsible for hosting and publishing website files through a web browser. Upload a single file from a web page and upload it to your browser as a full page.
12. Mail server
The Mail server makes possible email communication possible in the same way that a post office makes snail mail communication possible in a real offline network.
13. List Servers
The List servers are used to improve the functionality and management of mailing lists. If an interactive database is open to the public or unidirectional lists that provide newsletters, advertisements or advertisements.
14. Media server
The Media server shares digital video or digital audio through a network through media streaming (transmitting the content so that the received parts can be watched or heard on arrival, instead of downloading a complete file and then using it).
15. Sound server
The Sound server allows computer programs to play and record sounds, individually or cooperatively.
16. Fax server
The Fax server shares one or more fax machines in a network, which eliminates the hassle of physical access of the fax machine on a network.
17. Print server
The Print server shares one or more printers across a network, thus eliminating the hassle of physical access of the printer machine on a network.
18. Game server
The Game server allows several computers or gaming devices to play multiplayer games across a network.
19. News Servers
The News Servers works as a distribution and delivery source for hundreds of public newsgroups available through the USENET news network.
20. Chat Servers
The Chat Server allows multiple people to share information in an Internet Newsgroup environment that provides real-time discussion capabilities.
That’s all for Server and its different types here, I probably try to cover almost all the type of servers available in the market but depends on the requirement and usability servers can categorize even more types in future. I hope this guide will answer all question related to Server and its different types.
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